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Definition of Surgery

RESOLVED, That the North Carolina Medical Society supports a definition of the term “surgery” as follows:

The diagnosis or therapeutic treatment of conditions or disease processes by any instrument causing localized alteration or transposition of live human tissue or organs, including, but not limited to: lasers, ultrasound, ionizing radiation, scalpels, probes and needles in which human tissue or organs are cut, burned, vaporized, frozen, sutured, probed, manipulated by closed reduction for major dislocations and fractures, or otherwise altered by any mechanical, thermal, light-based, electromagnetic, or chemical means.

(Report J-2006, adopted as amended 10/29/2006)
(reaffirmed, Report H-2011, Item 3-6, 10/23/2011)
(reaffirmed, Board Report-2018, Item 186, adopted 11/3/2018)